Peace journalism can be seen as a type of movement. This concept was created by Johan Galtung.
Peace journalism uses conflict analysis. It has been created as a result of research being undertaken, claiming that broadcasted news about conflict has a bias view towards violence. Peace journalism aims to include notions of balance, fairness and accuracy in news broadcasting – this includes both mainstream and non-mainstream media. Peace journalism also works closely with other journalists, media professionals, news audiences and organisations to aid in conflict.
Peace journalism aims to show the audience the context behind conflict and war zones, hearing multiple sides of a story, delves into hidden schemes, and focuses on the notion of peace. It aims to take ethical and moral viewpoints whilst reporting and researching.
This form of conflict-resolving journalism has taken place in mainstream media in places such as Indonesia and the Philippines.
An example of peace journalism being used can be seen in the Afghanistan war and the Boko Haram attacks. Peace journalism in this aspect doesn’t just assume a winning or loosing viewpoint. It explores all aspects of context and background. Although peace journalism is seen as quite a controversial method of reporting, it is widely used in some areas (such as Indonesia, Philippines and Norway).
Peace journalism as a whole aims to make audiences feel compassionate and to be less inclined to blame only a certain ‘side’ of the story for creating an issue.